Buila-Vânturarița National Park

Buila-Vânturarița National Park

It is located in the Getic Subcarpathians, on the administrative territory of Valcea county and is a protected area of national interest corresponding to IUCN category II (national park) with an area of 4,186 hectares, the smallest national park in Romania.

The natural area is located in the western part of Valcea county (near the territorial border with Gorj county), in the south of the Căpățânii Mountains, on the territory of Costești, Bărbătești and Băile Olănești.

The protected area is a mountainous area (karst relief with sharp peaks, towers, needles, limestone ridges, caves, gorges, valleys, forests, meadows and meadows) that is home to a varied range of flora and fauna, specific to the South.

The park comprises the linear limestone ridge of the Buila-Vânturarița Massif, about 14 km long, dominated by the two peaks that give the massif its name: the Buila peak (1849 m) and the Vânturarița Mare peak (1885 m).

Another plus of the park are the cultural-historical sights such as churches, monasteries, traditions, customs and traditional architecture in the villages at the foot of the mountain.

Plant species found in Buila-Vânturarița: Rare species – Viola alpina – rock violet, Taxus baccata – yew, Lilium jankae – mountain lily, Lilium martagon – wood lily, Centaurea atropurpurea – spruce, Pinus mugo – juniper; Endemic species: Centaurea pinnafida, Dianthus spiculifolius, Juniperus sabina.

Endangered species – species in danger of extinction whose survival is unlikely if causal factors continue to act or whose populations have been depleted to critical levels (e.g. Leontopodium alpinum – cornerflower);
Vulnerable species: Trollius europaeus – mountain bulb, Dianthus spiculifolius, Daphne mezereum – dwarf tulip poppy, Daphne blagayana – white ivy);

The national park is also home to 28 species of orchids.

The fauna is as diverse as the flora. There are reptiles (wolverine, wall lizard, hazel snake, viper), mammals (big horseshoe bat, common bat, pond bat, black capybara, deer, badger, stone marten, wood marten, bear, lynx, wolf, etc.) and wildlife. Bird enthusiasts can admire the Lesser Spotted Eagle, Red-breasted Jay, Egyptian Vulture, Blackcap, Woodpecker, Owl, Oak Woodpecker, Black Stonechat, Mountain Meadowlark, Black Grouse or Black Grouse.

If you want to go on a walk in the Buila-Vânturarița National Park the route can be done in maximum 4 hours, or even less if you have little training. Appropriate equipment is recommended.

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